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Best things to do in Nakhchivan

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Where in the world: Asia  /  Azerbaijan  /  Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic  /  Nakhchivan

Top 15 things to do in Nakhchivan

1. Mausoleum of Momine Khatun

One of the most iconic landmarks of Nakhchivan is without doubt the Mausoleum of Momine Khatun. The ten-sided structure, adorned with intricate mosaics and tilework, dates all the way back to the 12th-century, when it was built by the famous architect Ajemi Nakhchivani. Its construction was commissioned by a local ruler, Shamsaddin Eldeniz, in honour of his beloved wife Momine Khatun.
Suggested duration: 2 hours
Tours from $400 › Learn more about Mausoleum of Momine Khatun

2. Nakhchivan Khans' Palace

Don't miss one of Nakhchivan City's main attractions, Nakhchivan Khans' Palace. This exquisite oriental-style building is a real treat for history lovers. For almost 200 years until the early 20th century, this was the residence of the rulers of the Nakhchivan Khanate, one of many independent statelets that arose in the Caucasus following the death of Nadir Shah in 1747. Formerly a carpet museum, the palace’s beautifully furnished three floors adorned with local 'shebeke' stained glass windows currently house a museum devoted to this eventful chapter in Azerbaijani history.
Suggested duration: 2 hours
Tours from $400 › Learn more about Nakhchivan Khans' Palace

3. Alinja Castle

For Azerbaijan’s answer to Machu Picchu head to Alinja Castle - a recent reconstruction of an ancient fortress sitting atop a cragged mountaintop in the Julfa region. Built sometime between the 6th and 8th centuries AD, the castle was used by Nakhchivan’s various ruling dynasties for many centuries and was famed for its invincibility. One person who did eventually manage to capture it after 14 years of seiges was the feared Turko-Mongol ruler, Tamerlane. It was used variously as a residence, a garrison, a prison and a treasury. There is a museum to visit at the bottom of the mountain, then it's a fairly strenuous climb up about 2,000 steps to reach the fortress at the top. But the jaw-dropping views and peaceful atmosphere up there make it well worth it.
Suggested duration: 4 hours
Tours from $400 › Learn more about Alinja Castle

4. Nakhchivan city - Private 2 days tour

FROM $400
Nakhchivan is one of the oldest cities in Azerbaijan. The first information about the city is given by the historian Josephus Flavius (e. G. I century BC) and the Greek geographer Claudius Ptolemy in his book "Geography". Nakhchivan is located in the south-eastern part of the Caucasus.
Tours from $400 › More about this tour at viator.com ›
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5. Ashab-i Kehf

Ashab-i Kehf is a natural cave complex shrouded in legend. It is claimed to be the site of a story in the Koran known as the ‘Seven Sleepers’, in which seven youths suffering from the oppressive regime of a despotic local flee to a cave with a dog and fall asleep there for over 300 years. Today the complex, complete with a mosque and shrines accessed via a network of stairs, is an important pilgrimage site for local Azerbaijanis who come to make wishes and pray. The peaceful site is located about 12 kilometres east of Nakhchivan City and off the main road to Julfa.
Suggested duration: 2 hours
Tours from $400 › Learn more about Ashab-i Kehf

6. Noah’s Mausoleum

Local legend has it that after the Great Flood Noah’s Ark actually came to rest in Nakhchivan, where Noah is said to have then settled and later died. Thus Nakhchivan is known as the Land of Noah and Nakhchivan city is home to a mausoleum built over Noah's alleged remains. The current rather beautiful hexagonal brick structure adorned with fancy mosaics and tilework was built in 2006, however a much older version had reportedly existed since the 8th century AD.
Suggested duration: 2 hours
Tours from $400 › Learn more about Noah’s Mausoleum

7. Juma Mosque, Ordubad

Suggested duration: 2 hours
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8. Gulustan Mausoleum

This medieval mausoleum near the Araz river in the village of Gulustan (meaning ‘heavenly garden’), Julfa region, is thought to date back to the beginning of the 13th century. The mausoleum is built of beautiful red stone in the style of a tower, has 12 sides adorned with exquisite mosaics and a pyramid-shaped top. It bears some resemblance to the iconic Momine Khatun Mausoleum in Nakhchivan city, built by local architect Ajemi Nakhchivani.
Suggested duration: 2 hours
Learn more about Gulustan Mausoleum

9. Shahbuz National Reserve, Shahbuz

Suggested duration: 2 hours
Learn more about Shahbuz National Reserve

10. The State Carpet Museum of Nakhchivan

Housed in a grand building on Heydar Aliyev Avenue, the Nakhchivan State Carpet Museum has a collection of roughly 300 antique carpets. The Nakhchivan region has a rich carpet-making heritage, especially the cities of Nakhchivan and Ordubad, and browsing the museum you’ll see stunning examples of flat weave and pile carpets, as well as bags and holdalls, various handicrafts and carpet-making tools.
Suggested duration: 2 hours
Learn more about The State Carpet Museum of Nakhchivan

11. Aras Dam

Suggested duration: 2 hours
Learn more about Aras Dam

12. Bahruz Kangarly Museum

Suggested duration: 2 hours
Learn more about Bahruz Kangarly Museum

13. Open Air Museum

Suggested duration: 2 hours
Learn more about Open Air Museum

14. Heydar Aliyev Museum

Suggested duration: 2 hours
Learn more about Heydar Aliyev Museum

15. Nakhchivan State History Museum

Suggested duration: 2 hours
Learn more about Nakhchivan State History Museum